De Bono, Emilio

(1866–1944)
   Born in the province of Milan (Lombardy), De Bono was a monarchist and conservative who acted as a conduit between Benito Mussolini and the monarchy. In 1912, he had been chief of the General Staff in Libya. In World War I, he served in Albania and on the Austrian front. After the war, he joined the Partito Nazionale Fascista/National Fascist Party (PNF) and helped organize the Fascist militia. Once in power, Mussolini made him chief of police in Rome, but when the murder of Giacomo Matteotti by Fascist thugs led to a public outcry, De Bono resigned from the post. In 1929, he became minister for colonial affairs and, in 1935, high commissioner for East Africa. In 1936, De Bono was put in command of ground forces in the war in Ethiopia despite his age (he was nearly 70). He was subsequently promoted to the rank of marshal in order to clear the way for Pietro Badoglio, who concluded operations in six months. De Bono was among those who voted to deprive Mussolini of his powers at the fateful meeting of the Fascist Grand Council on 24–25 July 1943, and was thus among those executed by firing squad on the Duce’s orders in January 1944 at Verona.

Historical Dictionary of Modern Italy. . 2007.

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  • De Bono, Emilio — ▪ Italian general and politician born March 19, 1866, Cassano d Adda, Italy died Jan. 11, 1944, Verona  Italian general, an early convert to Fascism who helped the party s founder and chief, Benito Mussolini (Mussolini, Benito), gain power.… …   Universalium

  • De Bono, Emilio — ► (1866 1944) General italiano. Dirigió las operaciones del ejército italiano contra Abisinia (1935) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Emilio de Bono — Emilio De Bono (né le 19 mars 1866 à Cassano d Adda mort le 11 janvier 1944 à Vérone) était un militaire italien qui aida Benito Mussolini à accéder au pouvoir. Biographie Emilio De Bono en …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Emilio De Bono — Emilio De Bono. Emilio De Bono (* 19. März 1866 in Cassano d’Adda, Provinz Mailand; † 11. Januar 1944 in Verona) war ein italienischer Politiker und Marschall. Leben Nach seiner Ausbildung an der Mil …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Emilio De Bono — (né le 19 mars 1866 à Cassano d Adda mort le 11 janvier 1944 à Vérone) était un militaire italien qui aida Benito Mussolini à accéder au pouvoir. Biographie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Emilio de Bono — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Emilio de Bono Emilio de Bono (Cassano d Adda, 19 de marzo de 1866 Verona, 11 de enero de 1944) fue un militar y político italiano, fascista de primera hora, fue …   Wikipedia Español

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  • Emilio De Bono — (March 19, 1866 ndash; January 11, 1944) was an Italian General, fascist activist, Marshal, and member of the Fascist Grand Council. De Bono fought in the Italo Turkish War, World War I, and the Second Italo Ethiopian War. In 1943, he was a… …   Wikipedia

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